Majestic Lakes of Iceland

by : Bjorn Olav Jonsson

Iceland has got the advantage or we can the windfall of numerous natural and man-made lakes. All lakes here are absolutely clean and glaciers fed. This is the reason why lakes of Iceland have become one of the most important tourist destinations here. Following is the report of two biggest lakes of Iceland.

This is the largest natural lake of Iceland with an area of mammoth 83.7 square kilometers. Its depth is different at different places. At the deepest point it can be as deep as 114 meters and at some places it is only 13 meters deep. The greatest length of this lake is 14.5 kilometers and width is 9.5 kilometers. Only river generating from this lake is 'the sog' river. It is a nineteen kilometer long river famous for its rich salmon content. Olfusa is a tributary which connects this lake to Iceland's biggest glacier. The average flow going to river sog from this lake is about 108 m3/second. The amazing thing about this lake is the catchment area of this lake is 90 % underground and the temperature of the water is somewhere around three to four degrees Celsius entire year. Fishermen coming here for angling on boats are advised to check for the forecast of the weather before coming as the weather of Iceland changes very fast. It is said that on a windy day, it is impossible to stay in this lake as the water becomes so fierce and stern. This lake is about fifty kilometers far from the capital city of Reykjavik and is open for fishing for public for more than four months i.e. from may 1st to September 15th.

This was the second largest natural lake of Iceland until it was refurbished into one of the two biggest basins for the power stations on the river Tungnaa and Thjorsa. Its natural cover area was 70 square kilometers but sometimes it can extend up to 86 square kilometers. The water level of this very beautiful lake is 561 and 578 meters above the sea level. Because of the extension of the water area, the vegetation around this lake has disappeared making the surroundings look very barren and infertile. The water of this lake is crystal clear because the water formed from melting of glaciers is directed to this lake. Its first discharge was named Thorisos but it was dammed and a new discharge channel was made all the way down to the first of the two power stations working here at Sigalda. The place where this discharge channel ends, a new man-made lake was formed and it's very famous throughout Iceland for its big brown trouts. However, the count of fishermen coming here has dropped dramatically after the changes made by natural movements of the earth.

Other than these two lakes, Lake Myvatn is also very famous as a tourist attraction and as a fishing area in Iceland. The number of fishes caught in this lake is more than any other lake in the whole country and fish can be as much as 20 pounds heavy in weight. Its distance from capital city is around 488 kilometers when covered by a whale bay tunnel.