Types and Prevention of Bacteria

by : samnickel2

What is bacteria?

Bacteria are among the oldest living organisms on Earth, and are very small. Because the bacteria structure is so minute, it can only be seen through a microscope. Bacteria is commonly found in the ground, water and in other living organisms. While some types of bacteria can cause diseases and become harmful to the environment, animals and humans, others offer benefits that we likely could not live without.

Different Types Of Bacteria

Aerobic and anaerobic bacteria:
Bacteria are also classified based on the requirement of oxygen for their survival. Bacteria those need oxygen for their survival are called Aerobic bacteria and bacteria those do not require oxygen for survival.

Staphylococcus Aureus

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are present in the nasal passages, throats, hair and skin of 50 percent of healthy people, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria:
This is one of the most important classification types as it takes into account the most important aspect of bacteria growth and reproduction. Autotrophic bacteria (also known as autotrophs) obtain the carbon it requires from carbon-dioxide.

Listeria monocytogenes

Eating food contaminated with listeria bacteria can cause an infection called listeriosis, along with meningitis, encephalitis and intrauterine infections.

Food Safety Of Bacteria
Food Safety can no longer be ignored. Regularly the public learns of food borne illness outbreaks. Some are small in scale and others are large, nevertheless all jolt public confidence in our industry. Moreover, very few operations survive the aftershock of a food poisoning incident.

Always wash cutting boards, knives and other utensils with hot soapy water after they come in contact with raw meat, poultry and seafood. Then sanitize with 1 teaspoon liquid chlorine bleach per quart of water.

Make sure there are no cold spots in food (where bacteria can survive) when cooking in a microwave oven. For best results, cover food, stir and rotate for even cooking. If there is no turntable, rotate the dish by hand once or twice during cooking.

Bacteria Live on Human Skin

When you hear the word "bacteria," most people people either get a disgusted look on their face or proceed to find the nearest anti bacteria cleaner. What most people don't know is that one of the places with the most bacteria is their own skin.

Types of bacteria found on the body

Bacteria are often known as the causes of human and animal disease. However, not all bacteria are pathogens.

Bacteria put the tang in yogurt and the sour in sourdough bread; bacteria help to break down dead organic matter; bacteria make up the base of the food web in many environments.

We also benefit from the helpful bacteria that live inside of us. It is estimated that between 5,000 and 10,000 different types of bacteria inhabit the human body. In the large intestine a complex microflora community synthesizes vitamins such as vitamin K, folic acid and biotin. Within days after birth, newborns are colonized by Lactobacilli, a group of helpful bacteria that convert milk protein to lactic acid. The bacteria remain present throughout life. These microbes are widely used in the production of sour milks, yogurt and cheese.