Tire Tread Patterned

By: Evander Klum

So you got a Grand Cherokee. One of the needs replacement - the tire.

It is important to note that the choice of tread pattern is important in deciding for a new tire. It should be according to the target use of the Jeep.

A mud terrain pattern is the most popular tread pattern for all around off-road use. Also called mud tire pattern, it has large lugs on the tire with large voids between these lugs. The large lugs provide much bite in low traction conditions while the large voids allow the tire to clean itself by throwing off mud or other material when spinning. These tires are also known for rock crawling for the large lugs can give way for gripping and pulling the tires up and over irregular rocky edges where a smoother pattern would just spin. The negative side is that these patterns run rough and loud on the highway. To prevent this, select a tire with irregular or asymmetric spacing of the lugs and voids to lessen harmonic vibration at highway speeds. There are also cases with cold powder snow or sand where an all-terrain pattern would be better.

The general purpose all terrain tire usually has an interlocked tread pattern with siping or small cuts on the tread blocks. Also, the hollows in these tires are generally much smaller than those on tires intended for the mud. The denser pattern of blocks and smaller voids gives less noise to these tires on the street. Furthermore, it also augments the surface area of the tread which gives the tire enhanced flotation on surfaces like light powdery snow or sand.

The all terrain pattern has improved flotation and additional siping, which can be an advantage in absolutely dry powder or packed snow. But if the snow or underlying terrain is, or can turn, slushy or muddy, the mud terrain may be the better choice. In these instances, the all terrain pattern can be packed with mud and stuck where a mud terrain pattern would self clean and plow on through.

A distinct advantage in sand is the improved flotation provided by the dense tread pattern of the all-terrain tires.

Some manufacturers also offer a family of tires. Most often, these are tires which are designed for use on light trucks or sport utility vehicles that are mostly used on the street. They will generally give less noise, consume less gas mileage and last longer than either of the other off-road patterns.

The tread patterns are designed to yield significantly enhanced comfort or performance on the street which can sometimes compromise serious off-road capability.

So now is the time to choose the appropriate tire tread for your Jeep. Replacement should be done by a reliable repair shop or mechanic to avoid compromises on flaws and other replacement defects.

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