Desmoid Tumor Information, Treatment & Prevention

By: Juliet Cohen

The Desmoid tumor appears in the bacillar structure form tendon and the ligament, usually in arm, leg or central spot, moreover sometimes in and neck. The exact cause of desmoid tumor remains unknown. Desmoid tumors may occur in patients who have a history of polyposis coli, a hereditary colon cancer syndrome. Often there is a history of repetitive trauma. Desmoid tumors most commonly occur in women after childbirth. Desmoid tumors are twice as common in females than in males. Desmoid tumors are also called aggressive fibromatosis because they are locally aggressive and fibrous like scar tissue. Desmoid tumors may be classified as extra-abdominal, abdominal wall, or intra-abdominal. It is thought that the lesions may develop in relation to estrogen levels or trauma. These tumors look like dense scar tissue. Just like scar tissue, they adhere tenaciously to surrounding structures and organs.

Desmoid tumour can be fabrics and difficult check invasief to surrounding. It can support structures and agencies with surrounding and intertwine. Locally, a desmoid tumor is very similar to a malignant tumor called fibrosarcoma in that local recurrence is very high. However, a Desmoid tumor is considered benign because it does not metastasize to other parts of the body. The tumors tend to infiltrate adjacent muscle bundles, frequently entrapping them and causing their degeneration. Although fixation to musculoaponeurotic structures is apparent, the overlying skin is normal. The myofibroblast is the cell considered to be responsible for the development of desmoid tumors. Although desmoid tumors are more common in persons aged 10-40 years than in others, they do occur in young children and older adults.

The symptoms of desmoid vary tumours very dependent on size, place, and spread out of the tumour. Because Desmoid tumors affect tissue that is elastic and easily moved, a tumor may exist for a long time before being discovered, growing large and pushing aside surrounding tissue. The symptoms of Desmoid tumors may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Symptoms of desmoid tumor may include pain or soreness caused by compressed nerves or muscles, limping or other difficulty using the legs, feet, arms or hands, pain and obstruction of the bowels, a painless swelling or lump. The tumors are composed of abundant collagen surrounding poorly circumscribed bundles of spindle cells. The dense bundles of eosinophilic spindle cells contain regular nuclei and pale cytoplasm with neither mitoses nor giant cells. Macrophages, giant cells, and lymphocytes are present peripherally.

The primary surgery with negative surgical forks is most the succesvole primary treatment modality. Radiation therapy may be used as a treatment of recurrent disease or as primary therapy to avoid mutilating surgical resection. Anti-inflammatory medication may be given to your child to help manage pain and swelling. Surgical removal of the tumor by a surgeon is the primary treatment, because desmoid tumor rarely metastasizes, often surgery alone is the only treatment. There is a high recurrence rate with desmoid tumor, so often more than one surgery is needed. If surgeons are unable to remove the tumor because of the size or location, researchers are testing some types of chemotherapy to reduce the tumor. Anti hormonal medications are sometimes used as a form of treatement because some hormones seem to increase the growth of desmoid tumors.

Cancer
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