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Useful Tips

Skin Types & Skin Conditions

Skin Types & Skin Conditions

The condition of the skin varies from day to day. It could be due to hormonal fluctuations, stress, pregnancy, medication, travel, and environmental changes, these are only a few examples of factors that affects the skin. If you learn to recognize the various skin conditions and skin type, you will be able to choose the cleansing options and skin care products that would be the most beneficial to the skin.

Here is 4 simple steps to help you to determine your skin type :

Step 1 : Remove all makeup and wash your face with a gentle or mild cleanser and then pat your face dry. Do refrain from over washing.

Step 2 : Wait for an hour. your skin should return to its natural state after this period of time and show characteristics which would determine your skin type and skin condition. Do not touch your face during this period of time.

Step 3 : Dab your face with a clean tissue and pay attention to the t-zone (nose and forehead) area.

Step 4 : Note down your characteristics to determine your skin type.

Normal skin shows neither oil nor flaking skin. It should feel supple and smooth.

Oily skin is characterized by the grease on the tissue. You should be able to notice large pores and a shine.

Dry skin may feel taut or show flakes of dead skin. You will find your pores hardly visible.

Combination exhibits traits of more than one of the above skin types. Usually, the skin is oily in the T-zone and normal to dry elsewhere.

Normal Skin

Normal skin has an almost perfect balance of water and lipids (oils) thus it feels elastic and looks vibrant most of the time! The normal skin type is also known as the ideal skin type as it has very few or no breakouts, it is not too dry nor oily and is clear of marks or blemishes. Normal skin changes in the weather would not affect normal skin as much or cause it to feel tight or dry. People with normal skin would have small. Unnoticeable pores and very little or no fine lines.


  • Fine, even texture.
  • Smooth surface
  • Generally blemish free
  • Small pores which are unnoticeable
  • Good balance between oil and moisture

Oily Skin

Oily skin has enlarged pores giving rise to an orange peel appearance and is prone to developing acne and other skin problems. The excessive production of oil by the sebaceous glands causes the pores to become blocked easily leading to spots and blemishes. Factors such as stress, hormonal fluctuations, hot and humid climates, medications and puberty are a few causes of excessive oil production. Oily skin looks greasy especially in certain in the T zone (nose and forehead area).


  • Enlarged pores and Open pores, often comedones present
  • Shiny appearance especially in the T zone
  • Appears dull or sallow
  • Needs frequent cleansing to keep away skin problems
  • Few signs of aging, such as fine lines

Dry Skin

Dry skin feels tight and dry almost immediately after cleansing and may even be sensitive for some people. It is caused by the inability to retain or produce enough natural skin lipids or oils to keep skin moist. A impaired barrier is often hereditary but occurs naturally with aging and can be accelerated with lifestyle. People with this skin type are most prone to wrinkles, red patches and also flakiness because of dead cell buildup. This skin type is likely to portray signs of aging much more prominently and earlier than others. Most problems with dry skin arise when the weather is cold. Intensive care is essential during winter months to avoid flaky and irritated skin.


  • Very fine and almost invisible pores
  • May look dry or flaky
  • Lack of shine
  • Feels rough and uneven
  • Appearance of fine lines around your eyes, forehead, mouth
  • Needs regular moisturizing to stay hydrated and supple

Treatments recommended : Timexpert Rides , Timexpert RitualistTimexpert C+ (A.G.E)

Moisturizers recommended : Timexpert Ranges



Combination Skin

Combination skin is usually recognised by a greasy/oily T-zone, however that's not always the case. Combination skin can always be a combination of any skin type. E.g. Normal + Oily, Oily + Dry or Dry + Normal. It can also be reversed to dry t-zone and oily cheeks.


  • Oiliness and dryness happening at different part of face
  • A mixed analysis among the skin types above

Even though a person can only have one skin type, they can have many skin conditions or no skin conditions at all. Here are a few common skin conditions :

Sensitive skin :

  • Often accompanies dry skin, can be present in oily skin also.
  • Thin epidermis
  • Reacts to external stimuli which can become red & blotchy
  • Prone to dry, flaky patches & broken capillaries

Treatments recommended : so delicate

Moisturizers recommended : so delicate

Cleanser recommended : high tolerance cleansing milk

Toner recommended : high tolerance Lotion

Pigmented skin :

  • Darker areas or spots on skin
  • Results from uneven distribution of melanin
  • Can be results of sun-damage, chloasma, hormonal imbalances or acne scarring

Treatments recommended : Timexpert White

Machines recommended : IPL

Moisturizers recommended : Timexpert White

Dehydrated skin :

  • Lack of water in skin
  • Looks dry, flaky and scaly. Feels tight.
  • Prone to wrinkles and fine lines
  • Can be presented on both dry and oily skin.

Treatments recommended : Hydracure

Machines recommended : Oxyjet Leo

Moisturizers recommended : Hydracure , Excel Therapy O2

* Dehydrated skin is the condition of the lack of water in skin while dry skin is a skin type that is lack of sebum. It is common for people to mistake dehydrated skin as dry skin because they have a somewhat similar appearance.

Couperose skin :

  • A temporary or chronic redness appearing on the skin.
  • Appears as small, dilated, bright red blood vessels on the cheeks, nose or chin.

Treatments recommended : so delicate

Moisturizers recommended : so delicate

Cleanser recommended : high tolerance cleansing milk

Toner recommended : high tolerance Lotion

Aging Skin :

  • Deep wrinkles
  • Fine Lines
  • Loss of elasticity
  • Sagging & loose skin
  • Loss of muscle tone

Treatments recommended : Timexpert Rides , Timexpert Ritualist, Timexpert C+ (A.G.E)

Machines Recommended : RF Facial Tonning, IPL Rejuvination, Phototherapy Treatment 

Moisturizers recommended : Timexpert Ranges

Cleanser recommended : TOTAL COMFORT CLEANSING MILK 


Acne Prone Skin :

  • Clogged pores
  • Noticeable Black heads
  • Inflamed Pores with white/yellow centers

Treatments recommended : Purexpert ()

Machines Recommended : IPL, Phototherapy  ()




check out other PUREXPERT range products :


To effectively evaluate your skin and determine the correct skin care routine, here are some of the factors that need to be considered.

Internal Influences :

Hormonal changes (Menopause, pregnancy and menstrual cycles can cause the skin to fluctuate from oily to breakouts, skin discolouration and dryness.

Skin disorders (rosacea, dermatitis, psoriasis)

Genetic predisposition


Diet (Research shows a diet high in antioxidants and omega-3 can improve the appearance of skin.)

External Influences :

Climate/weather (cold, warm, moist, dry)

Skin care routine (Routines such as over-exfoliating, over-moisturizing, or using irritating/drying ingredients can create skin problems that were not there before.)

Sun exposure (major cause of hyperpigmentation)

Pollution (creates free radical activity that damages collagen.

Basic Skin Care

When you finally discover what your skin type(s) really is/are, you can make better decisions about the products in your skin-care routine. While all skin types can benefit from ingredients such as broad-spectrum sunscreens and antioxidants, there are skin type-specific ingredients, such as benzoyl peroxide for acne, or medications for rosacea that also come in a range of textures.

The most basic skin care products that everyone should have are :

1) Cleanser

The purpose of cleansing is to remove bacteria, makeup, and the dirt, sweat, and oil that build up on the skin each day. At least once a day, the skin needs to be cleaned with a formula that does not strip the skin of all its natural oils.

Cleanser Options

Gel Cleansers : typically foam or lather during use. These cleansers are formulated to dissolve oil buildup and fight blemish-causing bacteria without stripping the skin. They are best for oily or combination skin types that are prone to breakouts.

Milk Cleansers : are lightweight, water-based formulas that clean without leaving residue. These products contain oils and emollients along with cleansing ingredients and are recommended for normal to dry skin types.

Cream Cleansers : Rich and slightly heavier than milk cleansers. Keeps skin from losing excessive sebum due to cleansing and at the same time restore lost moisture and keep your skin hydrated.

2) Toner

Toners stimulate circulation in the skin, remove any remaining dead skin cells or greasiness, and give the skin a smooth texture. Toners can be helpful for those who Have very oily skin or who wear lots of makeup. Use a toner after cleaning the skin or as an interim cleaner to remove dirt and oil. During the summer, toners can be Especially useful, as the skin is more oily and tends to attract more dirt and bacteria. Toners also help to restore the skin's natural pH balance.

While no cosmetic product can change the size of your pores, toners and astringents can make them appear smaller. These products work by very slightly irritating the skin, causing it to swell, making pores less noticeable.

To apply toner, pat the skin with a cotton ball soaked in the product of choice. You can also spray toner onto the face.

3) Day & Night Moisturizer

Moisturizer is the true fountain of youth. Moisturizers form a barrier between the skin and the environment that holds water in the epidermis. They hydrate and plump up the skin so that it looks smooth and bright. The right moisturizer will enhance the look, feel, and health of the skin and can even help temporarily eliminate fine lines and wrinkles. Moisturizers can also protect the skin from pollution, debris, and weather. The right skincare products help makeup go on smoothly, properly adhere to the skin, and last longer.

There are two types of facial moisturizers. Oil-in-water emulsions usually contain humectants, such as glycerin, which attract water. Added water from the environment is wonderful for the skin. The second category of moisturizer is the water-in-oil emulsion. These creams and lotions work by forming a water-trapping barrier on the skin surface. Look for the ingredient sodium hyaluronate, which locks in moisture and prevents it from leaving the skin. Humectants are often added to these products as well.

The major difference between moisturizing products is the ratio of water to oil. Even products labeled oil-free sometimes have small amounts of oil in them. You can sometimes find the ratio of water to oil on the label of a moisturizer.

These products comes in different textures are rich-ness and should be selected and chosen according to the skin's needs. (eg. A lighter and less rich moisturizer for day and a richer and creamier moisturizer for night).

4) Sun Screen

Excess sun exposure is skin's number-one enemy. It causes premature aging, including wrinkles, loss of elasticity, and hyperpigmentation. Worse, overexposure often causes deadly forms of skin cancer. Wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 in the winter and 30 in the summer.

**link to Dr. PGA SPF(sun protection factor)

Caring For Different Skin Types

Caring for Normal Skin

Normal skin type are the easiest to care for. Even though they might still have a break out at rare times or develops rashes or skin blemishes when exposed to certain products. But this skin type usually bounces back to its normal healthy glow with some help from you with the right skin care products.

A diet rich in vitamins A, C, and E helps keep skin smooth and soft. Sufficient fluid intake is important to maintain hydration and rid the body of toxins.

Cleanser : Milk Cleansers 
Milk Cleansers are gentle and not too drying but it is enough to cleanse off the additional sebum that is on the normal skin.

Moisturizers: light or medium weight 
Water-based moisturizers containing lightweight oils, such as acetyl alcohol, or silicone-derived ingredients, will help maintain healthy, normal skin.

Treatments recommended : Dependent on Skin Condition. 
Moisturizers recommended : excel therapy 02, Timexpert C+, Hydracure.
Cleanser recommended : high tolerance cleansing milk.
Toner recommended : high tolerance lotion.

Caring for Dry Skin

Dry skin requires special care. A lifestyle that includes a healthy diet with foods high in water content, such as fruits and vegetables, and at least eight glasses of water a day keeps this skin type hydrated. Caffeine and alcohol cause dehydration, so limit intake to two cups or glasses a day. Dry skin types are more prone to aging and thus should always limit and protect it from sun exposure.

Air-conditioning and heating create dry environments. Correct this in your home by using humidifiers.

Cleansers : Cream Cleansers 
Using richer cream cleansers keeps dry skin from losing excessive sebum due to cleansing and at the same time restore lost moisture and keep your skin hydrated.

Moisturizers : Rich and Heavy textures 
A good moisturizer can protect your skin's natural oils which is important for people with dry skin. Oils are more effective than creams at preventing water evaporation. Look for the ingredients urea or propylene glycol, chemicals that keep skin moist. Layering different textures of moisturizer can do wonders to hydrate the skin. Begin with lightweight face oil, and then layer a richer cream over that. Night creams with alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) help remove the dry, dead skin while moisturizing the new.

Treatments recommended : Timexpert Rides
Machines Recommended : Lavatron, Yellow-Toning, Skin Master, Dr.VI Anode
Moisturizers recommended : Timexpert Rides, Timexpert SRNS, Timexpert Lift, Synergyage, Hydracure
Cleanser recommended : Total Comfort Cleansing Milk
Toner recommended : Total Comfort Lotion

Caring for Oily Skin

Management of oily skin and the prevention of breakouts requires a healthy diet and a regular skincare routine. Cleanse the face at least twice a day to prevent dirt accumulation and to keep pores open. Use an alcohol-free astringent to remove excess oil. Use oil-free moisturizers to keep the skin from overdrying.

Cleansers : Gel Cleansers 
A stronger working cleanser to remove bacteria, makeup, dirt, sweat, and excess oil that tends to build up more on oily skin.

Moisturizers : Oil-free moisturizers or water-based moisturizer. Such moisturizers offers the skin moisture keeping it from overdrying and at the same time controls the sebum level on the skin.

Oil-free products are made from synthetic chemicals and contain little to no oils or animal fat. Use all moisturizers sparingly. Look for products labeled "noncomedogenic," which means they are formulated to prevent clogged pores. Test moisturizers to find one that leaves a matte finish on the skin. This will minimize shine and the appearance of large pores.

Treatments recommended : Purexpert
Machines Recommended: IPL, High Frequency, Blue Light
Moisturizers recommended: Purexpert, Hydracure
Cleanser recommended: Purifying Cleansing Gel
Toner recommended: Purifying Cleansing Gel